This research investigation is being conducted by
 
Dr. William E. Snell, Jr.
Department of Psychology
SE Missouri State University
One University Plaza
Cape Girardeau, Missouri 63701 - USA
Address all Internet e-mail to: wesnell@semovm.semo.edu.


Golf Perfectionism

        INVESTIGATION CONSENT FORM: This investigation is designed to examine people's views about golf. More specifically, in the present research you will be asked to respond to the items on a questionnaire dealing with your general views about golf.  We encourage you to participate in this project. All of the information gathered in this project is completely confidential. The resulting information will be used only for research purposes. No individual other than the researcher (Dr. Snell) will ever have access to the responses which you provide. Also, all of the information gathered in this project is anonymous. No names, including your own name, will be attached to the data itself. Also, any participant may withdraw from this project at any time--and there will not be any penalty for doing so.

 

        INFORMED CONSENT: I do hereby give my informed consent to participate in this research project. I understand that participation in the project is entirely voluntary. I also understand that an individual may withdraw from the project at any time without being penalized in any way.
Please type in today's date  (month-day-year):
Do you FREELY and WITHOUT PRESSURE consent to participate in this research
 (if so, type "YES"): 
This survey will take about 20-25 minutes to complete. Thank you.


 

Page # 1

SURVEY INSTRUCTIONS: Listed below are several statements that concern the topic of golf. Please read each item carefully and decide to what extent it is characteristic of you. For each statement select the response that applies to you by using the following scale: 
A = Not at all characteristic of me. 
B = Slightly characteristic of me. 
C = Somewhat characteristic of me. 
D = Moderately characteristic of me. 
E = Very characteristic of me. 

NOTE: 
 Remember to respond to all items, even if you are not completely sure. 
              Your answers will be kept in the strictest confidence. 
              Also, please be honest in responding to these statements.

1. Do you play golf? 

  How characteristic of you are each of these statements? Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
1. I set very high standards for myself as a golfer.
2. Only if I am "perfect" will society consider me to be a good golfer. 
3. When I was growing up, my parents set 
very high standards of excellence for me as a golfer. 
4. My golf partners expect me to be perfect at golf. 
5. I expect others to always be top-notch and competent golfers. 
6. I must always be successful when I play golf.
7. Most people in society expect me to always be perfect at golf. 
8. When I was younger, my parents expected me 
to play perfect golf all the time.
9. My golf partners demand nothing less 
than perfection of me as a golfer. 

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.

  How characteristic of you are each of these statements? Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
10. Other golfers should never let me down 
when it comes to playing golf. 
11. One of my goals is to be a "perfect" golfer. 
12. Most people expect me to always be an excellent golfer. 
13. When I was younger, it made my parents uneasy 
for me to have a less than perfect golf game.
14. My golf partners always want me to play a perfect round of golf.
15. I cannot stand for other golfers 
to be less than competent at their golf game. 
16. I always feel the need to have a "perfect" round of golf. 
17. I have to be perfect at golf in order for most people 
to regard me as okay. 
18. As I was growing up, my parents set 
very high, perfectionistic goals for my golf game.
19. My golf partners pressure me to be perfect at playing golf. 

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.

  How characteristic of you are each of these statements? Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
20. I expect nothing less than "perfectionism" from those who play golf. 
21. I always pressure myself to be the best golfer in the world. 
22. In order for society to accept me, I have to be the greatest golfer in the world. 
23. As I grew up, my parents always wanted me to be totally perfect at golf. 
24. My golf friends have very high perfectionistic goals for me as a golfer. 
25. It's hard for me to appreciate others when they play less than perfect golf. 
26. I have very high perfectionistic goals for my golf ability.
27. Most people expect me to be perfectionistic when it comes to playing golf.
28. When I was younger, my parents always felt 
that I had to be the best possible golfer. 
29. In order for my golf partners to appreciate me, 
I have to play a perfect round of golf.

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.

  How characteristic of you are each of these statements? Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
30. I expect other golf players to try to be perfectionistic 
when it comes to playing golf. 
  Do you feel pressure to play golf extremely well? 
  If you had a terrible round of golf, would you be very unhappy? 
31. My parents set very high standards for my golf game. 
32. Being an organized golf player is very important to me.
33. My parents criticized me for being less than perfect at golf. 
34. If I do not set the highest standards for myself, I am likely to end up a second rate golfer. 
35. My parents never tried to understand my mistakes/shortcomings as a golfer. 
36. It is important to me that I am thoroughly competent in every aspect of my golf game.
37. I take a rather neat (i.e., not messy) approach to golf. 

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.

  How characteristic of you are each of these statements? Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
38. I try to take an organized approach to being a golfer. 
39. If I fail to play well at golf, I would be a total failure as a person. 
40. I should be upset if I make a mistake in a golf game. 
41. My parents wanted me to be the very best at golf. 
42. I set higher goals for myself as a golfer than do most people.
43. If someone played a better round of golf than me, then I would feel like a complete failure as a golfer. 
44. If I fail in even a small way in my golf game, it is as bad as being a complete failure as a golfer. 
45. Only when I have an "outstanding" round of golf is it good enough for my parents. 
46. I am very good at focusing my efforts and time at being a good golfer.
47. Even when I am very careful in a round of golf, I often feel that I failed to do something quite right.

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.

  How characteristic of you are each of these statements? Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
48. I hate being less than the very best at golf.
49. I have extremely high goals for myself as a golfer. 
50. My parents always expected "excellence" from my golf game. 
51. People would probably think less of me, 
if I made a mistake in my golf game. 
52. I never felt like I could meet 
my parent's expectations for my golf game.
53. If I do not play golf as well as others, 
it means that I am an inferior golf player. 
54. Other people seem to accept less 
from themselves as a golfer than I do for myself. 
55. If I do not constantly play well at golf, 
other people will not respect me or my golf game.
56. My parents have always had higher expectations 
for me as a golfer than I have had.
57. I try to be organized and neat in my golf game. 

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.

  How characteristic of you are each of these statements? Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
58. I usually have doubts about even the simple things that I do as a golfer.
59. As a golfer, orderliness (and neatness) is very important to me.
60. I expect a better performance from my golf game than most people do from theirs.
61. I take an organized approach to playing golf. 
62. I tend to fall behind in my golf, because I keep doing things the same old way. 
63. It takes me a long time to do something "right" in my golf game. 
64. The fewer mistakes I make in my golf game, the more people will like me. 
65. I never felt like I could meet my parent's standards for playing golf. 

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.


Page # 2 - GS

INSTRUCTIONS:  How descriptive of you are each of these statements?
  Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
66. In general, I am satisfied with my golf game. 
67. I wish I had not started playing golf. 
68. Playing golf adds meaning to my life.
69. I really like to play golf.
70. I have problems with my golf game.

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.


Page # 3 - GSE

INSTRUCTIONS:  How descriptive of you are each of these statements?
  Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
71. I derive a sense of self-pride from my golf game. 
72. I am proud of the way that I play golf.
73. I am pleased with how I play golf 
74. I have positive feelings about my golf game.
75. I feel good about the way I play golf. 

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.


Page # 4 - GPC

INSTRUCTIONS:  How descriptive of you are each of these statements?
  Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
76. My golf game is something that I myself 
     am largely responsible for. 
77. My golf game is determined in large part 
      by my own behavior.
78. I am in control of and am responsible for 
      my own golf game.   
79. The main thing that affects my golf game 
      is what I myself do.
80. How well I play golf is something that 
      I myself am in charge of. 

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.


Page # 5 - GSE

INSTRUCTIONS:  How descriptive of you are each of these statements?.
  Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
81. I have the ability to play excellent golf.
82. I am competent enough to play good golf.
83. I have the skills and ability to play golf well. 
84. I am able to cope with and handle any golf shot.
85. I have the capability to play a good round of golf. 

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.


Page # 6 - GA

INSTRUCTIONS:  How descriptive of you are each of these statements?
  Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
86. I feel anxious when I play golf.
87. I worry about how well I play golf.
88. My golf game leaves me with an uneasy feeling. 
89. I worry about various aspects of my golf game
90. I feel nervous when I play golf. 

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.

 


Page # 7 - GA2

INSTRUCTIONS:  How descriptive of you are each of these statements?
  Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
91. I become really angry when I play golf.
92. I lose control of my temper when I play golf.
93. Often I feel like throwing my golf clubs. 
94. It makes me angry to play golf.
95. I can get angry when I miss a golf shot. 

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.

 


Page # 8 - GO

INSTRUCTIONS:  How descriptive of you are each of these statements?
  Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
96. I expect to play good golf in the future.
97. I believe that my golf game will be improved in the future. 
98. I expect to make good golf shots in my future golf games. 
99. I will probably experience success in my future rounds of golf. 
100. I anticipate no major frustrations with my future golf game. 

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.

 


Page # 9 - GC

INSTRUCTIONS:  How descriptive of you are each of these statements?

  Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
101. Playing golf is no fun unless I can beat someone.
102. If I can't win at golf, then I don't like to play. 
103. I like to focus on beating other golf players. 
104. It's fun to win at golf and have others lose. 
105. It would give me immense pleasure to beat someone with the last putt of the game.

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.

 


Page # 10 - GP

 

INSTRUCTIONS:  How descriptive of you are each of these statements?
  Not at all Slightly Somewhat Moderately Very
106. I think about golf all the time.
107. I think about golf more than anything else. 
108. I tend to be preoccupied with golf. 
109. I am constantly thinking about golf. 
110. I think about golf the majority of the time. 

Please respond to all statements. Thank you.

 


Page # 11 - Golf Variables

INSTRUCTIONS: The following information will be used to learn about your golf game.

1. What is your golf handicap?  NA = does not apply
2. How long have you been playing golf? in years (e.g., 10.5 years)
3. Are you a professional golfer? 
4. What is your money rank 
    on your 1999 tour? 
NA = does not apply
5. What is your average distance 
    for a driver?
  in yards
6. What is your average distance 
    for a 5-iron?
  in yards
7. What is your average distance 
    for a 9-iron
in yards
8. What is your average distance 
    for a sand wedge
in yards
9. At what age did you begin to play golf?  in years (e.g., 7.5 years)
10. Did/does your father play golf? 
11. Did/does your mother play golf? 
12. What brand of driver do you use?
13. What brand of irons do you use?
14. What brand of wedges do you use?
15. What brand of putter do you use?
16. How long have you taken golf lessons?  total number of  years (e.g., 4.5)
17. What did you score
      in your last 18 holes of golf? 
18. Have you ever yelled at another 
      golf player on the golf course? 
19. Do you belong to a golf country club? 
20. Do you regularly use sun screen
      when you golf? 
21. How many rounds of golf did you
      play last year - 1999?
22. Have you ever played in 
      a golf tournament?



Page # 12
Demographic Variables

INSTRUCTIONS: The following demographic data will be used only to describe the group characteristics of the resulting sample of participants (e.g., 25% were young and 75% were older). They will not be used to identify particular individual responses.

1. What is your Marital Status? 
2. How long have you been married in your current marriage (total number of years)? 
3. How many children do you have? 
4. What is your own income? 
5. What is your spouse's income?  
6. What is your gender? 
7. What is your ethnic heritage? 
8. What is your religious heritage? 
9. What is your age? 
10. What is your spouse's age? 
11. Are you happy with your marriage? 
12. How large is the place 
      where you currently live?
13. How frequently do you attend church? 
14. What is your current living arrangement? 
15. Are your parents divorced? 
16. What is your level of education? 
17. What is your spouse's education level? 
18. How many children do you have? 
19. How old are you (number of years)? 
20. In what country do you currently reside?


Click the "Submit Survey" button to complete the study.



You are finished!
Thank you for taking the time to respond to this research survey.


If you would like additional information about this research, then e-mail us at wesnell@semovm.semo.edu.

If you wish to see a brief description of this research, click here: Debriefing.


This site was last updated on June 17, 2007.
SE Missouri State University

Send comments and inquires to: wesnell@semovm.semo.edu 
Copyrightę 2000, William E. Snell, Jr., Ph.D. 
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