Dr. William E. Snell, Jr.'s Assessment Instruments

          This page describes the psychological testing instruments which I have developed over the past several years. A copy of each instrument may be seen by selecting the name of the instrument, shown in "blue."
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Dr. William E. Snell, Jr.
Department of Psychology-MS # 5700
SE Missouri State University
One University Plaza
Cape Girardeau, Missouri 63701
Office Phone: 573-651-2447; Office Fax: 573-651-2176
Office: Scully Building 427F
INTERNET E-mail: wesnell@semo.edu

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The Multidimensional Gender Consciousness Questionnaire (MGCQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., & Johnson, G.  (2004).  Development and validation of the Multidimensional Gender Consciousness Questionnaire: A measure of gender awareness. [unpublished research])
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The Multidimensional Romantic Perfectionism Questionnaire (MRPQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (1997).  Measuring multiple aspects of romantic perfectionism:  The Multidimensional Romantic Perfectionism Questionnaire (MRPQ).  Manuscript in preparation.
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The Ten Commandments Questionnaire (TCQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (1995).  Measuring the 10 Commandments:  Construction and preliminary evidence for reliability and validity.  Manuscript in preparation.
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The Multidimensional Sexual Self-Concept Questionnaire (MSSCQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (1997).  Measuring multiple aspects of the sexual self-concept:  The Multidimensional Sexual Self-Concept Questionnaire (MSSCQ).  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (1998).  The Multidimensional Sexual Self-Concept Questionnaire.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bauseman, G. Schreer, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (521-524). Newbury Park: Sage.
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The Multidimensional Health Questionnaire (MHQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., & Johnson, G. (1997).  The Multidimensional Health Questionnaire.  American Journal of Health Behavior, 21, 33-42.
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The Multidimensional Sexual Approach Questionnaire (MSAQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (1997).  Sexual styles: A multidimensional approach to sexual relations.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (in press).  The Multidimensional Sexual Approach Questionnaire.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures. Newbury Park: Sage.
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The Sexuality Scale (SS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (in press).  The Sexuality Scale.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures. Newbury Park: Sage.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., & Papini, D. (1989). The Sexuality Scale (SS): An instrument to measure sexual- esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  The Journal of Sex Research, 26, 256-263.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher, T. D., & Schuh, T. (1992).  Reliability and validity of the Sexuality Scale: A measure of sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 29, 261-275.
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The Sexual Awareness Scale (SAS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher, T. D., & Miller, R. S. (in press). The Sexual Awareness Scale.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures. Newbury Park: Sage.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher, T. D., & Miller, R. S. (1991). Development of the Sexual Awareness Questionnaire: Components, reliability, and validity. Annals of Sex Research, 4, 65-92.
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The Multidimensional Sexuality Questionnaire (MSQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher, T. D., & Walters, A. S. (1993). The Multidimensional Sexuality Questionnaire:  An objective self-report measure of psychological tendencies associated with sexuality. Annals of Sex Research, 6, 27-55.
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The Stereotypes About AIDS Questionnaire (SAAQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Finney, P., & Godwin, L. J. (in press).   The Stereotypes About AIDS Questionnaire.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures. Newbury Park: Sage.
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The AIDS Discussion Strategy Scale (ADSS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (in press).   The AIDS Discussion Strategy Scale.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures. Newbury Park: Sage.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P. D. (1990).  Interpersonal strategies associated with the discussion of AIDS. Annals of Sex Research, 3, 425-451.
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The Sexual Relationship Scale (SRS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (in press).  The Sexual Relationship Scale.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures. Newbury Park: Sage.
     Hughes, T., & Snell, W. E., Jr. (1990).  Communal and exchange approaches to sexual relations. Annals of Sex Research, 3, 149-163.
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The Multidimensional Sexual Perfectionism Questionnaire (MSPQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (in press).  The Multidimensional Sexual Perfectionism Questionnaire.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures. Newbury Park: Sage.
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The Multidimensional AIDS Anxiety Questionnaire (MAAQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P. (in press).  The Multidimensional AIDS Anxiety Questionnaire.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures. Newbury Park: Sage.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Finney, P. D. & Godwin, L. (1991). Stereotypes about AIDS. Contemporary Social Psychology, 15, 18-38.
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The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale (SAMSS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (in press).  The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures. Newbury Park: Sage.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II (1990).  Cognitive beliefs about male sexuality: The impact of gender roles and counselor perspectives.  Journal of Rational-Emotive Therapy, 8, 249-265.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Hawkins, R. C. II, & Belk, S. S. (1988).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 42-48.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II (1986).  The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale (SAMSS):  Components, correlates, antecedents, consequences, and counselor bias.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Documents, 16, 9. (Ms. No. 2746)
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The Sexual Self-Disclosure Scale (SSDS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (in press).  The Sexual Self-Disclosure Scale.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures. Newbury Park: Sage.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., Papini, D. R., & Clark, S. (1989).  Development and validation of the Sexual Self-Disclosure Scale.  Annals of Sex Research, 2, 307-334.
     Papini, D. R., Clark, S. M., & Snell, W. E., Jr. (1988).  An evaluation of adolescent patterns of sexual self- disclosure to parents and friends.  Journal of Adolescent Research, 3, 387-401.
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The Relationship Awareness Scale (RAS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P. D. (in press).  The Relationship Awareness Scale.  Contemporary Social Psychology.
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The Multidimensional Parenting Perfectionism Questionnaire (MPPQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., & Overbey, G. (1997).  Measuring multiple aspects of parenting perfectionism:  The Multidimensional Parenting PerfectionismQuestionnaire (MPPQ).  Manuscript in preparation.
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The Clinical Anger Scale (CAS).
Snell, W. E., Jr., Gum, S., Shuck, R. L., Mosley, J. A., & Hite, T. L.. (1995).  The Clinical Anger Scale: Preliminary reliability and validity.   Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51, 215-226
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The Relationship Assessment Questionnaire (RAQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P. D. (1993).  Measuring relational aspects of the self:  Relational-esteem, relational-depression, and relational-preoccupation.  Contemporary Social Psychology, 17, 44-55.
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The Relational Disclosure Scale (RDS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Hampton, B. R., & McManus, P. (1992).  The impact of counselor and participant gender on willingness to discuss relational topics:  Development of the Relational Disclosure Scale. Journal of Counseling and Development, 70, 409-416.
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The Health Orientation Scale (HOS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Johnson, G., Lloyd, P. J., & Hoover, W. (1991).  The development and validation of the Health Orientation Scale:  A measure of psychological tendencies associated with health. European Journal of Personality, 5, 169-183.
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The Beliefs About Women Scale (BAWS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. & Godwin, L. (1993).  Social reactions to depictions of casual and steady acquaintance rape:  The impact of AIDS exposure and stereotypic beliefs about women.  Sex Roles, 29, 599-616.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Holtzman, W., Jr., Belk, S. S., Garcia, R., & Hernandez, J. E. (1990).  The influence of counseling orientation and culture on mental health standards for women and men.  International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 14, 73-88.
     Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr. (1989).  Stereotypic beliefs about women as moderators of stress-distress relationships.  Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45, 665-672.
     Belk, S. S., Snell, W. E., Jr., Holtzman, W. H., Jr., Garcia-Falconi, R., & Hernandez-Sanchez, J. E. (1989).  The impact of ethnicity, nationality, therapy orientation, and mental health standards on stereotypic beliefs about women:  A pilot study. Sex Roles, 21, 671-695.
     Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr. (1986).  Beliefs about women: Components and correlates.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 12, 403-412.
     Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr. (1986).  The Beliefs About Women Scale (BAWS):  Scale development and validation. Social and Behavioral Sciences Documents, 16, 10. (Ms. No. 2747)
     Hampton, B., Lambert, F., & Snell, W. E., Jr. (1986).  Therapists' conceptions of mentally healthy beliefs for women and men.  Journal of Rational - Emotive Therapy, 4, 107-124.
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The Masculine Behavior Scale (MBS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (1989).  Development and validation of the Masculine Behavior Scale:  A measure of behaviors stereotypically attributed to males vs. females. Sex Roles, 21, 749-767.
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The Emotional Self-Disclosure Scale (ESDS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Miller, R. S., Belk, S. S., Garcia-Falconi, R., & Hernandez-Sanchez, J. E. (1989).  Men's and women's emotional disclosures: The impact of disclosure recipient, culture, and the masculine role.  Sex Roles, 21, 467-486.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Miller, R. S., & Belk, S. S. (1988).  Development of the Emotional Self-Disclosure Scale. Sex Roles, 18, 59-74.
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The Masculine and Feminine Self-Disclosure Scale (MFSDS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (1989).  Willingness to self-disclose to female and male friends as a function of social anxiety and gender.
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 15, 113-125.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., Flowers, A., & Warren, J. (1988).  Women's and men's willingness to self- disclose to therapists and friends:  The moderating influence of instrumental, expressive, masculine, and feminine topics. Sex Roles, 18, 769-776.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II (1986).  The Masculine and Feminine Self-Disclosure Scale:  The politics of masculine and feminine self-presentation. Sex Roles, 15, 249-267.
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The Avoidance Strategies Questionnaire (ASQ).
     Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr. (1988).  Avoidance strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 80-96.
     Belk, S. S., Garcia, R., Hernandez, J. E., & Snell, W. E., Jr. (1988).  Avoidance strategy use in the intimate relationships of women and men from Mexico and the United States.  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 12, 165-174.
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The Masculine Role Inventory (MRI).
     Snell, W. E., Jr. (1986).  The Masculine Role Inventory: Components and correlates. Sex Roles, 15, 443- 455.
     Snell, W. E., Jr., & Belk, S. S. (1986).  The masculine role as a moderator of stress-distress relationships. Sex Roles, 15, 359-366.
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The Depressive Life Experiences Scale (DLES).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II (1986).  Development of the Depressive Life Experiences Scale (DLES):  Assessing the stressful and distressful aspects of depression.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Documents, 16, 16. (Ms. No. 2753)
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The Intimacy Equity Scale (IES).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S. (1985).  On assessing "equity" in intimate relationships.  Journal of Representative Research in Social Psychology, 15, 16-24.
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The Multidimensional Relationship Questionnaire (MRQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., Schicke, M., & Arbeiter, T. (1996).  The Multidimensional Relationship Questionnaire: Psychological dispositions associated with intimate relations. Submitted for publication.
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The Gender-Schematic Scale (GSS).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., & Belk, S. S. (1996).  Gender-schematic processing: Its relationships to expressive and instrumental attributes and sex-role behaviors and preferences. Submitted for publication.
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The Multidimensional Psychology of Eating Questionnaire (MPEQ).
     Snell, W. E., Jr., & Johnson, G. (1996).  The Multidimensional Psychology of Eating Questionnaire. Submitted for publication.

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This site was last updated on June 17, 2007.
Department of Psychology, SE Missouri State University
Send comments and inquires to wesnell@semo.edu
William E. Snell, Jr., Ph.D.
Copyright
1999-2005